Bones in children are softer and periosteum is thicker. so most of fractures in children are incomplete fractures, they are Greenstick fractures or torus fractures.
- Greenstick Fractures
These involve bend on one side and fracture on another side of bone. It resembles bending of newly grown branch of a tree.
- Torus Fractures
They are fracture in metaphyseal area of bone. usually develops due to longitudibal force e.g. Fall on outstretched hand.
Common Fractures in Children
- Distal Radius Fracture: It is most common fracture in children.
- Supracondylar Humerus fracture: It usually develops due to fall on outstretched hand
- Difficulty in movement
- Usually diagnosed by X ray
- Usually treated by plaster cast. Closed reduction and internal fixation may be needed in some patients.
- Sometimes discoloration
- Diagnosed by X ray
- It depends on fracture type & displacement.
- Undisplaced fractures can be treated with plaster while reduction under anaesthesia and internal fixation is usually required for displaced fractures.